Throughout history, the principle of freedom of association has been abused under various more or less authoritarian regimes, because it was perceived as a threat. It later became a constitutional right recognised by international treaties.
It generally implies the freedom to create an association, to establish its aims, to draw up its own statutes and internal regulations, its form of governance, etc. It is an exercise of collective freedom protected by the constitution of the country in which it operates.
- The right of association in Spain is a fundamental right that consists of the right of all persons to associate freely for lawful purposes. This right is recognised in article 22 of the Spanish Constitution and regulated by Organic Law 1/2002, of 22 March, regulating the Right of Association.
It is a constitutional right. For more details, see https://derechoespañol.es/el-derecho-de-asociacion/
- In France, it was the law of 1 July 1901 that enshrined the right of any person to form an association without prior authorisation: "association is the agreement by which two or more persons permanently pool their knowledge or their activity for a purpose other than to share profits...".
It is a freedom with constitutional value. For more details and current legislation, see https://associations.gouv.fr/liberte-associative.html.
With pedagogical tools in socioeco.org
None in English for the moment.